Loading

Create a free account and get instant & exclusive access to all that Decks.com has to offer:

Checkmark 1,000+ How-To articles
Checkmark 80+ Free Deck Plans
Checkmark Deck Planning Calculators
Checkmark Free & Simple Deck Design Tool
Ready to Start Your Project?

How to Install a Shade Sail

Shade sails shield you from the heat of the sun, blocking UV light while providing their own distinctive upscale style. As a nice alternative or accompaniment to a pergola, a shade sail can be a fantastic way to provide shade where it’s needed most.

Installing a shade sail is fairly simple, but it requires a little planning, especially when it will shade a deck or another area with unique challenges.

Here are some of the ins-and-outs of shade sail installation, with tips to help you avoid common mistakes.

49169147478 5189544241 B

What to Consider Before Installing a Shade Sail

Before you install a shade sail, think about the smaller details involved in order to bring the bigger picture to life. That might include coordinating the placement of the sail, as well as the relation of the sail to nearby accessories. Planning these aspects of your shade sail project can make a night and day difference in how much you enjoy the results.

Shade Sail Design & Placement

Sail orientation has a large impact on overall presentation, but keep the practical in mind, too. For instance consider the path of the sun over the area you want to shade. Also, keep the sail away from sources of high heat, such as grills and fire pits.

When practical concerns conflict with style preferences, try to strike a balance between the two. For instance, sharply asymmetrical corners give a striking appearance but may provide less shade than other configurations. A perfectly flat sail can maximize shade coverage, but has limited visual interest. A sail that is too vertically inclined can make it vulnerable to the wind.

After choosing a location, look for places where you can create or use existing anchor points for the sail and evaluate their strength relative to the force you expect from the wind. The key factors are:

  • Sun exposure (Or “Path of sun and desired shade coverage”)
  • Sail size
  • Location and strength of anchor points
  • Seasonal wind speeds (averages and extremes)

Check Building Codes & Permit Requirements before Installing a Shade Sail

Before installing anything on or around your home, check local building codes and see if you need a permit. While many states do not have codes specific to shade sails, sunny states like California and Florida often do. Additionally, if your building is part of a Homeowners Association (HOA), find out what guidelines apply.

Shade Sail Mounting Hardware & Accessories

Most shade sail installations use similar mounting hardware to anchor, link, and extend the sail. The exact type and size of the hardware depend to a large degree on the size of the sail. Common hardware includes:

Anchors:

  • Pad eye
  • Eye lag screw

Links:

  • Turnbuckle
  • Snap hook / Carabiner
  • S-hook
  • D-shackle

Extensions:

  • Chain
  • Cable
  • Non-stretching rope

Ways to Install a Shade Sail on a Deck

There are several ways to install a shade sail over a deck, most of which will entail multiple attachment points to get the right tension and strength. Anchoring the sail to an existing structure is fairly easy, but most installations will require additional support, usually permanent posts. Removable posts are also available.

How to Attach a Shade Sail to House Fascia

The fascia of your home is typically nailed to the ends of trusses or rafters, and using it as is to anchor a shade sail could cause the fascia to detach. It’s better to place extra supports within 2 to 3 feet of each anchor point on the fascia. With shade sails that exceed 150 square feet, ensure the structural integrity of the rafters is solid before proceeding. Add L-brackets or hurricane hangers to the rafter tails to reinforce them.

  • Ensure the additional supports are high enough for your design.
  • Ensure each anchor mounting point is strong enough to hold the sail.
  • Orient the anchor hardware toward the center of the sail when fastening it to the mounting points.

Large sails and/or strong winds could require through-bolting steel plates to anchor points.

How to Install a Shade Sail Using Additional Supports

Good shade sail poles include pressure-treated wood (at least 6x6) suitable for ground contact and/or steel posts/pipes. Follow these steps to install wooden posts:

  • Lay out the sail on the deck so you can determine where to place the posts; leave enough room, 2 to 3 feet, for the cable or rope that connects the sail to the post.
  • Attach the anchor hardware to the post and, screw a pair of lag bolts into the post near its base, leaving 2 inches exposed; these “ears” will strengthen the post-to-concrete connection.
  • Dig a hole to a depth at least one-half the length of the exposed pole. Place 4 inches of gravel at the bottom for drainage.
  • Place the post, tilting it few degrees off vertical in the opposite direction of tension. Add temporary braces to hold the post in place, fill the hole with concrete, and allow the concrete to cure for 24 hours.

Tensioning a Shade Sail

A shade sail will often require more than 100 pounds of tension to give you a clean visual effect free of wrinkles.

Start by connecting the lines of the sail to anchors at two opposite corners. Remove slack by rotating the turnbuckles or with a ratchet strap. Don’t over tension. Connect the other corners and add tension. Adjust each corner to remove any wrinkling or sagging in the middle. Be careful not to apply too much tension to remove small creases, because that could tear the fabric.

Shade Sail Care & Cleaning

Hose off the sail to remove dirt and tree litter that can leave stains. For a more thorough cleaning, gently scrub the sail using a mixture of mild detergent and water. Don’t use harsh or abrasive cleaners (especially those containing chlorine) or stiff brushes, which can weaken the fabric and reduce its resistance to UV. Avoid putting the sail in the washing machine. However, if you must, set the machine for “gentle” or “delicate” and use a mild detergent.

Find contractors to help install a shade sail or shop for materials at a local retailer.


Popular Features Articles
Benches, Planters & Skirting

Deck Skirting and Fascia

Skirting can be an attractive feature that can be added to any low-level deck.

Water Drainage Systems

Best Under Deck Drainage Systems Reviews

An under deck drainage system creates a dry space under your deck and protects your substructure from moisture. Read our review of the best under deck drainage systems at Decks.com.

Lighting

Our Favorite Outdoor Deck Lighting Ideas

Illuminate the night with our deck lighting ideas for your outdoor space, from string and solar lights to pool lighting. Find inspiration at Decks.com.

Next Step: Design Articles
How to Design a Deck

10 Tips For Designing A Great Deck

This is an introduction to design. Start here to get some fresh ideas before designing your dream deck this year.

How to Design a Deck

Deck & Patio Landscaping Ideas

Looking for landscaping inspiration and ideas? Check out our ideas for turning your patio or deck into a beautiful oasis for entertaining and relaxing.

How to Design a Deck

Selecting The Best Composite Decking Color For Your Home

There are many composite decking color options. How do you select the right one for you?

Get more helpful resources delivered right to your inbox
More Helpful Resources

Explore Articles by Topic

Create a free account and get instant & exclusive access to all that Decks.com has to offer:

Checkmark 1,000+ How-To articles
Checkmark 80+ Free Deck Plans
Checkmark Deck Planning Calculators
Checkmark Free & Simple Deck Design Tool
Arbors & Pergolas

How to Install a Shade Sail

Shade sails shield you from the heat of the sun, blocking UV light while providing their own distinctive upscale style. As a nice alternative or accompaniment to a pergola, a shade sail can be a fantastic way to provide shade where it’s needed most.

Installing a shade sail is fairly simple, but it requires a little planning, especially when it will shade a deck or another area with unique challenges.

Here are some of the ins-and-outs of shade sail installation, with tips to help you avoid common mistakes.

49169147478 5189544241 B

What to Consider Before Installing a Shade Sail

Before you install a shade sail, think about the smaller details involved in order to bring the bigger picture to life. That might include coordinating the placement of the sail, as well as the relation of the sail to nearby accessories. Planning these aspects of your shade sail project can make a night and day difference in how much you enjoy the results.

Shade Sail Design & Placement

Sail orientation has a large impact on overall presentation, but keep the practical in mind, too. For instance consider the path of the sun over the area you want to shade. Also, keep the sail away from sources of high heat, such as grills and fire pits.

When practical concerns conflict with style preferences, try to strike a balance between the two. For instance, sharply asymmetrical corners give a striking appearance but may provide less shade than other configurations. A perfectly flat sail can maximize shade coverage, but has limited visual interest. A sail that is too vertically inclined can make it vulnerable to the wind.

After choosing a location, look for places where you can create or use existing anchor points for the sail and evaluate their strength relative to the force you expect from the wind. The key factors are:

  • Sun exposure (Or “Path of sun and desired shade coverage”)
  • Sail size
  • Location and strength of anchor points
  • Seasonal wind speeds (averages and extremes)

Check Building Codes & Permit Requirements before Installing a Shade Sail

Before installing anything on or around your home, check local building codes and see if you need a permit. While many states do not have codes specific to shade sails, sunny states like California and Florida often do. Additionally, if your building is part of a Homeowners Association (HOA), find out what guidelines apply.

Shade Sail Mounting Hardware & Accessories

Most shade sail installations use similar mounting hardware to anchor, link, and extend the sail. The exact type and size of the hardware depend to a large degree on the size of the sail. Common hardware includes:

Anchors:

  • Pad eye
  • Eye lag screw

Links:

  • Turnbuckle
  • Snap hook / Carabiner
  • S-hook
  • D-shackle

Extensions:

  • Chain
  • Cable
  • Non-stretching rope

Ways to Install a Shade Sail on a Deck

There are several ways to install a shade sail over a deck, most of which will entail multiple attachment points to get the right tension and strength. Anchoring the sail to an existing structure is fairly easy, but most installations will require additional support, usually permanent posts. Removable posts are also available.

How to Attach a Shade Sail to House Fascia

The fascia of your home is typically nailed to the ends of trusses or rafters, and using it as is to anchor a shade sail could cause the fascia to detach. It’s better to place extra supports within 2 to 3 feet of each anchor point on the fascia. With shade sails that exceed 150 square feet, ensure the structural integrity of the rafters is solid before proceeding. Add L-brackets or hurricane hangers to the rafter tails to reinforce them.

  • Ensure the additional supports are high enough for your design.
  • Ensure each anchor mounting point is strong enough to hold the sail.
  • Orient the anchor hardware toward the center of the sail when fastening it to the mounting points.

Large sails and/or strong winds could require through-bolting steel plates to anchor points.

How to Install a Shade Sail Using Additional Supports

Good shade sail poles include pressure-treated wood (at least 6x6) suitable for ground contact and/or steel posts/pipes. Follow these steps to install wooden posts:

  • Lay out the sail on the deck so you can determine where to place the posts; leave enough room, 2 to 3 feet, for the cable or rope that connects the sail to the post.
  • Attach the anchor hardware to the post and, screw a pair of lag bolts into the post near its base, leaving 2 inches exposed; these “ears” will strengthen the post-to-concrete connection.
  • Dig a hole to a depth at least one-half the length of the exposed pole. Place 4 inches of gravel at the bottom for drainage.
  • Place the post, tilting it few degrees off vertical in the opposite direction of tension. Add temporary braces to hold the post in place, fill the hole with concrete, and allow the concrete to cure for 24 hours.

Tensioning a Shade Sail

A shade sail will often require more than 100 pounds of tension to give you a clean visual effect free of wrinkles.

Start by connecting the lines of the sail to anchors at two opposite corners. Remove slack by rotating the turnbuckles or with a ratchet strap. Don’t over tension. Connect the other corners and add tension. Adjust each corner to remove any wrinkling or sagging in the middle. Be careful not to apply too much tension to remove small creases, because that could tear the fabric.

Shade Sail Care & Cleaning

Hose off the sail to remove dirt and tree litter that can leave stains. For a more thorough cleaning, gently scrub the sail using a mixture of mild detergent and water. Don’t use harsh or abrasive cleaners (especially those containing chlorine) or stiff brushes, which can weaken the fabric and reduce its resistance to UV. Avoid putting the sail in the washing machine. However, if you must, set the machine for “gentle” or “delicate” and use a mild detergent.

Find contractors to help install a shade sail or shop for materials at a local retailer.


Popular Features Articles
Benches, Planters & Skirting

Deck Skirting and Fascia

Skirting can be an attractive feature that can be added to any low-level deck.

Outdoor Ideas

Deck Stain Color Ideas & Inspiration

Choosing a stain color for your deck can feel overwhelming. Get inspired with deck stain color ideas and options.

Water Drainage Systems

Best Under Deck Drainage Systems Reviews

An under deck drainage system creates a dry space under your deck and protects your substructure from moisture. Read our review of the best under deck drainage systems at Decks.com.

Next Step: Design Articles
How to Design a Deck

10 Tips For Designing A Great Deck

This is an introduction to design. Start here to get some fresh ideas before designing your dream deck this year.

How to Design a Deck

Deck Remodel Ideas

There are lots of reasons to remodel your deck and lots of ways to do it. If your worn-out wood decking needs replacing anyway, give low-maintenance composite deck boards a try.

How to Design a Deck

How to Build a Pergola

Pergolas add a level of elegance and shade to your landscape. Follow our step-by-step instructions for building a pergola on a deck or patio at Decks.com.

Get more helpful resources delivered right to your inbox

Explore Articles by Topic

More Helpful Resources