# Deck Stairs Calculator

Building stairs for your deck is often considered “the most difficult part of” the construction project. Having the right calculations before getting started can make the task a lot easier.

To simplify the process, we’ve created this deck stair calculator to help you determine the correct measurements needed to carry out your project. Once you’ve calculated the number of steps, you’ll then need to know how to build stairs for your deck.

This calculator will tell you:

• How Many Rises You'll Need
• Dimensions for each rise
• Total run and rise
• step rise (riser height)
• bottom step rise
• stringer length
• How Many Rises You'll Need
• Dimensions for each rise
• Total run and rise
• step rise (riser height)
• bottom step rise
• stringer length
1

#### Total Rise

Height of your deck to the ground
ft
2

#### Step Run

Horizontal tread depth for each stair
3

Single board or two smaller boards for stair tread
Select:
4

#### Stringer Attachment

Outside frame or flush frame
Select:

## Take the Next Step: Explore Decking Samples

• #### Find Your Perfect Match

Have fun discovering what works best with your home.

• #### Feel the Texture

Choose from an extensive collection of colors and grain patterns and feel the difference.

### Explore More Deck Plans

Choose from hundreds of free downloadable deck plans based on the International Residential Code

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## What Are the Parts of a Deck Staircase?

Knowing the lingo behind the parts that make up a staircase can go a long way toward taking accurate measurements and simplifying the process.

The key components of a set of deck steps are

• 1 Treads are horizontal boards that create the footing area for each step.
• 2 Risers are boards that cover the vertical distance between stair treads.
• 3 Stringers are the notched 2x12 boards that provide structural support for the treads and risers.
• 4 Landing pads provide a surface to clear the bottom of your shoes of mud and debris prior to going up the stairs as well as a safe, slip-resistant area when exiting the bottom of the stairs.
Pro Tip:

A shorter rise may be more comfortable to climb with a deeper run. Similarly, a taller rise might work better with a shorter run. Check your local building codes for allowable rise and run.

• 5 Total rise (height from the top of your deck to the ground at the bottom end of the stringer or the total run)
• 6 Step Run (horizontal tread depth) for each stair
• 7 Tread type (whether you’ll use a single board or two smaller boards to create a stair tread)
• 8 Stringer attachment style (whether you plan to use an outside frame or a flush frame)

## How to Calculate Stair Stringers

Having a stable, sturdy set of stairs leading to and from your deck is one of the most important—and complex—parts of the deck building process. To calculate the stringer length, follow this formula:

(run)2 + (stair rise)2 = [square root of your total]

Want to learn more? Check out our article, Building Deck Stairs and Steps, to find find and tricks to help make your deck building project run more smoothly.

## Take the Next Step: Explore Decking Samples

• #### Find Your Perfect Match

Have fun discovering what works best with your home.

• #### Feel the Texture

Choose from an extensive collection of colors and grain patterns and feel the difference.

### Explore More Deck Plans

Choose from hundreds of free downloadable deck plans based on the International Residential Code

PRO TIP: A shorter rise may be more comfortable to climb with a deeper run. Similarly, a taller rise might work better with a shorter run. Check your local building codes for allowable rise and run.

Balusters Needed:
1
Section Width
2
Center Point (space centered):
3
Outside Space
On Center Measurements (Left-to-right):