# How to Lay Out Deck Stair Stringers

After talking to many deck builders over the years, we have found that stair construction is considered the most difficult part of building a deck. In order to find the right stair stringer layout for your stairs, you first need to measure the exact height of the deck from the top of the decking to the location where the stairs are going to land on the ground. You can input this number into our Stairs Calculator on Decks.com. The calculator will provide you with the number of stairs, riser height and tread depth to cut your stringers. You will need to remove the thickness of the riser board from the top stair and remove the thickness of the tread board from the bottom stair. You can now draw the notches for the stairs onto your 2x12 stair stringers. The difference between the stair rises and tread depths cannot vary by more than 3/8" from the largest to the smallest.

## Deck Stair Stringers Spacing

The load supporting requirements for stair treads are more severe than for the rest of the deck because the force exerted by a person walking downstairs is a more intense blow to the surface than a standard stride across a level surface. Because of this, you should never space your stair stringers more than 16” on center. This means you will need to install a minimum of four stringers on any stairway wider than 36”. Always check the maximum span for your decking material as it applies to stair treads.

Some composite materials and lower-grade 5/4 wood decking may require you to reduce the stringer spacing to 10” on center. Always read the composite decking installation instructions for stair treads before building your stairs. It is best policy to overbuild your stairs because of the increased wear and tear they often receive. Pay particular attention to the stringer placement if you are attaching stairs around a corner, as in the case of a cascading staircase.

Where will the stairs land?

Determine the total rise for your stairs using a level and a tape measure. Measure the distance from the top of the deck surface to the top of the stair landing. Input the total rise number into the Decks.com Stairs Calculator to determine the number of stairs, each stair rise and run for laying out your stair stringers. The above example shows outside drop-mounted stairs.

Max Rise 7-3/4

Using the information from the Decks.com Stairs Calculator, mark your rise and run on the framing square. The above image shows drawing the top step run at 10" and the rise at 6-3/8".

Adjust the top stair for the missing riser board.

After laying out your rise and run measurements on your 2x12 stair stringer, remove 1" from the back of the top run if you plan on installing a 1" thick riser board.

The above image is an example using 5/4 x 6 decking which is 1" thick, a stair rise that is 6-3/8" and a bottom stair stringer rise that is 5-3/8". The cut line is in red.

Bottom Step Layout Example.

This example uses 5/4 x 6 decking that is 1" thick, a stair rise that is 6-3/8" and a bottom stair stringer rise that is 5-3/8". The cut line is in red.

Notice that the stair stringer top step has a 9" run and the next step has a 10" run. The back tread for the top step had to be ripped down to fit the opening.

The bottom step has a 5-3/8" rise. The next step has a 6-3/8" rise. Notice that the stair stringers land on the concrete landing with a 12" bearing.

Popular Stairs Articles
Staircases

### Closed Stair Risers

Learn about the benefits of installing riser boards on your deck stairs.

Staircases

### Support Long Stringers

Long stair stringers may need extra support from installing a brace at mid-span.

Staircases

### Building an ADA Deck Ramp

Learn how to build an ADA-accessible wheelchair ramp onto your deck to meet building codes. Ramps must have a 1:12 slope.

Next Step: Railings Articles
Deck Railing Types

### Everything You Should Know Before You Buy Cable Deck Railing

Learn how to transition from traditional wooden railings to sleek, minimalist cable rail systems, enhancing your deck with modern aesthetics and unobstructed views. Our guide illustrates the variety of cable systems available and helps you determine the best option for your needs.

Railing Codes

### Deck Railing Height Requirements

Understanding deck railing height is important for meeting code requirements. Learn how high you should build your deck railing.

Deck Railing Parts

### Handrails

Learn about the code requirements for installing a grippable handrail for your deck stairs.