Footings
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Deck Footing Size Chart

In order to determine the proper size for your footings you will need to establish how much total weight they are going to have to support and what kind of soil they are covering. To calculate the load you should use 40lbs per square foot live for load (these are variable loads that are dynamic such as the weight of people and furniture) and 15 lbs per square foot for dead load (this is the weight of the materials used for the construction of the deck) for a total of 55 lbs per square foot total load.

If you were building a 10x10 deck attached to a house with 2 footings on the corners you could calculate the loads for the footings in the following way. First draw a line dividing the deck into two halves between the house and the footings.The load for the section nearest the house will be transferred back to the ledger board and carried down to the house foundation. The remaining half of the deck will again be split into two parts to be supported by the two corner footings.  This is called the tributary load.  If you multiply the area of this section 5’ x 5’ you will get 25 square feet. You can multiply this area by 55 lbs per square foot loading to come up with 1375 lbs total load. Once you know the total load you can use the chart below to determine the footing size for your soil conditions. Always be sure to check your calculations with your local building inspections department before digging.

 

 

Circular Footings

Maximum Allowable Load Per Footing, in Lbs

Soil Type                                                        Gravel      Sand        Clay

Allowable Pressure (Lbs /Sq Ft)                        3000        2000       1500

Footing Size (inches)                        12           2300        1500       1100

                                                      13           2700        1800       1300

                                                      14           3200        2100       1600

                                                      15           3600        2400       1800

                                                      16           4100        2700       2000

                                                      17           4700        3100       2300

                                                      18           5300        3500       2600

                                                      19           5900        3900       2900

                                                      20           6500        4300       3200

                                                      21           7200        4800       3600

                                                      22           7900        5200       3900

                                                      23           8600        5700       4300

                                                      24           9400        6200       4700

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Comments, Questions and Reviews

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We are building a deck 20 x 10 and will be attached, we are still unsure of how many footings to use? Any suggestions would be much appreciated. Also what size tubes would we use?

posted by Mistysunshine at 6/20/2015 9:08:34 PM


I''m about to notch my 6x6 posts to receive doubled 2x10 beams and am wondering which side of the posts should I put the notches on. Regards John R

posted by Johnwen at 5/12/2015 5:43:00 PM


Building a deck / screen porch that''s 18x14 with two sides support on a 2x10 ledger and plan on three 6x6 columns (one near the house) on 12" sono tubes with a roof above. Framing for the deck will be 2x10 running the 14'' dimension sound ok?

posted by Dc7432 at 5/4/2015 9:00:03 PM


Hi, I am building an attached deck 15''x15'' with ledger attached to raised foundation. What size posts should I use and how many do I need to support the end of the deck? Also how big should my footings be? I calculated approx.3000 lbs total load at each post according to the chart. Should I dig round footings or square? Also should I stick with 6x6 posts or 4x4 posts? Thanks, MikeC.

posted by chanman at 4/13/2015 7:48:27 PM


I am building a deck that is going to be 20'' wide by 10'' deep and about 24" off the ground. The ground is really solid, used to be the driveway leading into the garage. My question is, is it alright to use the precast deck blocks directly on the ground in this case or should I dig and pour concrete? Either way, how many footings should I have and if concrete is the way to go, what size? Thanks for your help.

posted by emaxwell at 4/13/2015 7:29:00 PM


Sorry, 20''x10''

posted by emaxwell at 4/13/2015 7:47:49 PM


I am building a deck off my house attached 20''w x 16''out from the house with a cantilever. Can you tell me how many post footing size and depth all sand I will need and how far out the cantilever will be out from house. deck joist are 2''x10x16'' deck is 20" off the ground. Thanks Frank

posted by allstrot at 4/4/2015 4:26:00 PM


I''m building a deck thats 13''-1" x 20''-6" with 1'' cantilever, using 2x8 joists @16" OC, how many posts will I need and what size should the footing be?

posted by Brandon at 4/1/2015 6:46:26 PM


All measurements are by foot not inches. Sorry

posted by Jerry Grasso at 3/30/2015 7:39:42 PM


I am putting on an addition to the bedroom of my home 6'' out by 11'' wide. How many piers required ( 2'' x 2'' ) with a 10" footing for the 11'' span. Because of surrounding underground unknowns, I have to get by with the piers. Also what size band board would I use against the existing structure.

posted by Jerry Grasso at 3/30/2015 7:38:35 PM


I am building a 16w x 12L freestanding deck with a 2 foot cantilever on all sides. How many 6x6 posts will I need and what should the footer dimensions be? I plan to use doubled 2x10 for beams and 2x8 joists on 16in centers. Thanks, John.

posted by Johnwen at 2/16/2015 9:26:55 AM


Actually the 16 foot width cantilevers 1 foot on each side and the 12 foot depth will cantilever 2 feet on each end.

posted by Johnwen at 2/16/2015 9:30:05 AM


I would use 6 footings. The center footings should be 22 inch diameter and the corner footings should be 16 inch diameter.

posted by mike at 2/17/2015 9:06:25 AM


thank you Mike John

posted by Johnwen at 2/17/2015 9:43:30 PM


How many post are needed for a deck that will be 3 sections adding up to 24x51'' Can we not tie it into the house and just put more post and footings on the back end near house? Can you stop and start a ledger board around gas pipes that are in the way? Thank you!!

posted by Geo at 10/28/2014 5:34:20 PM


I am not sure if I understand the deck layout for the post spacing. You can break ledger boards around vents and pipes etc. Just make sure you properly flash the ends.

posted by mike at 10/29/2014 9:43:57 AM


The deck will be 14x24 one step down then 24x24 then one step down to a14x24 all attached How many post filled with cement will we need. It will be attached to the House with a ledger board on. The 52 ft , side

posted by Geo at 10/29/2014 10:51:37 AM


I would need to see a sketch of the design. We offer custom plans for $199.

posted by mike at 10/30/2014 9:07:16 AM


We are building a deck that is attached to a house and sunroom on two sided it is 16'' long and 12'' wide with 2 posts put in place on each end. The posts are 5 and 1/2 inches and I am connecting them with a 2 by 10 is a 16'' gap too far for just 2 posts Thank you for any help

posted by Mane_fox at 10/24/2014 7:15:34 PM


You should have 3 posts using a 2-2x10 beam.

posted by mike at 10/27/2014 8:57:09 AM


I recently built a free standing deck with its highest point off the ground only 2 feet, it is only 8 x 12 feet. The soil is typical Pennsylvania soil so I guess clay. I used 1 ft round footers and sunk 9 posts. I want to put a small hot tub on it, only 130 gallons of water so I figure I need the deck to be able to support about 1800lbs. Thoughts?

posted by andrea at 9/13/2014 5:28:56 PM


I would make all the footings 22" diameter to be on the safe side.

posted by mike at 9/15/2014 8:47:00 AM


Hi, I''m building a deck 35''x16'' that designed by Homedepot Do I need to have this deck attached to the house? I am planning to use 12" holes concrete filled footing. There are 29 footing posts for this deck Thanks. Will

posted by Will_V at 7/22/2014 11:49:23 AM


It really depends on the plan. If the deck is designed to be free standing (not attached to the house) it should have a beam and a row of footings about 2'' out from the house wall.

posted by mike at 7/22/2014 2:58:27 PM


Hi, could you clarify in your table if the footing diameter is a diameter or the sides of a square? Thanks.

posted by Timothy Larson at 7/12/2014 11:50:50 AM


It is showing the diameter of a circular footing.

posted by mike at 7/14/2014 11:01:48 AM


I''m building an attached deck. The ledger side is 16.5''. The joists will be roughly 10'' with a 1'' cantilever. I was planning on using three posts (one on each end and the middle one). Considering this should redistribute the weight more than only two posts, is it still necessary to use 12" diameter cement footings and 6"x6" posts? Or can I use 8" footings with 4"x4" posts? Any help is greatly appreciated...thanks!

posted by Ed at 7/1/2014 8:00:16 PM


I would recommend using 6x6 support posts and 12" footings. 8" footings don''t have enough surface area to carry these loads for most soil types.

posted by mike at 7/2/2014 9:04:20 AM


how do the load factors change if my "deck" is a roofed deck = porch?

posted by johno at 6/17/2014 10:14:12 AM


You will usually calculate 80 lbs per square foot for decks with porch roofs. Ask your local building department to verify. Some areas have additional requirements for heavy snow loads.

posted by mike at 6/17/2014 11:51:35 AM


My deck is 13''-6" wide x 28 feet long. Total design load is 18,900 The 28 foot dimension is along the house. Given the size & load, can I still assume that half that load (9,450#) can be carried by the ledger board to the house?

posted by mrz200 at 5/3/2014 11:49:15 AM


It really depends on the house wall construction. If you can flash and bolt your deck to a solid rim joist of the house with (2) 1/2" bolts every 16" on center you should be ok. Always check with your local building inspector.

posted by mike at 5/5/2014 9:00:53 AM


I am building a freestanding deck next to my pool that will be 16.5 x7. since it is rectangular I plan to put 6 footings (4 corners and 2 in the middle). is the load calculation the same for the outside footings as the middle footings?

posted by Tgib123 at 4/23/2014 10:58:49 PM


The calculation is the same for the corner footings. You still need to determine the tributary load which is usually considerably less than the center footings.

posted by mike at 4/24/2014 9:04:37 AM